Adult eye problems

Glaucoma is an eye disease which would affect our vision by reducing the field of view. The reduced vision is permanent and can lead to blindness if left untreated. The condition is due to optic nerve head being damaged. The main reasons are high intraocular pressure and poor blood circulation of the optic nerve head.

Glaucoma can be classified to two main types: chronic and acute.

Chronic glaucoma would development over several years. The symptoms are not notable easily and may not cause any discomfort at all. However, it would damage our field of view gradually and permanently, so it has got another name: the theft of vision.

Acute glaucoma is a serious eye disease which can turn eyes to total blindness within few hours or several days if left untreated. Fortunately, acute glaucoma can cause obvious symptoms that most patients would pay attention. They include sudden loss of vision, severe eye pain, red eye, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever and seeing halos around lights etc.

Treatments of glaucoma include medicine and surgery. As the damage vision is permanent, it is important to diagnose the condition and apply proper treatment as early as possible. An comprehensive eye examination provided by optometrist can help to find out glaucoma in early stage.